Almost every business must invest in some major equipment, vehicles, machinery, or furniture in order to operate. Some businesses will require assets such as land, a building, patents, or franchise rights. Major assets that will be used in your business for more than a year are known as "capital assets" and are subject to special depreciation treatment under the tax laws.
Depreciation is claimed on Form 4562, and a separate Form 4562 must be filed for each different business activity you engage in.
Form 4562, Depreciation and Amortization
Instructions for Form 4562, Depreciation and Amortization
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For more information, see our discussion of capital assets and depreciation.
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